Exploring Gyeongju: The Ancient Capital of South Korea


When it comes to travel in South Korea, Gyeongju stands out as a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts, nature lovers, and even foodies. Known as the “museum without walls,” Gyeongju was the capital of the ancient Silla Kingdom, which ruled much of the Korean Peninsula between the 7th and 9th centuries. This historical city offers a remarkable window into South Korea’s rich past, but it’s also a vibrant town where the old harmoniously blends with the new. In this blog post, let’s dive into what makes Gyeongju an essential stop on any South Korean itinerary.

Historical Wonders

Bulguksa Temple

This UNESCO World Heritage site is perhaps the most iconic landmark in Gyeongju. Built in the 8th century, Bulguksa Temple is a marvel of Buddhist art and Silla architecture. Whether you are a history buff or not, the temple’s intricate designs, peaceful gardens, and spiritual aura will leave you in awe.

Gyeongju National Museum

To dig deeper into the history of the Silla Kingdom, a visit to the Gyeongju National Museum is a must. The museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, including the famed Emille Bell, said to ring with the sound of a weeping dragon.

Seokguram Grotto

A companion to Bulguksa, this grotto houses a monumental Buddha statue and offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. The sculpture is considered a masterpiece of Buddhist art in the Far East.

Natural Beauty

Namsan Mountain

If you’re keen on hiking, Namsan Mountain is the place for you. The mountain is dotted with hundreds of Silla-era relics and pagodas, making it a hike through both nature and history. The summit offers breathtaking views of the entire Gyeongju basin.

Anapji Pond

An artificial pond built during the Silla period, Anapji is especially beautiful at dusk. The reflections of the surrounding wooden pavilions on the calm waters create a serene atmosphere that you’ll want to capture in photos.

Culinary Delights

Hwangnam Bread

This local specialty is a must-try. Hwangnam bread is a pastry filled with sweet red bean paste. Its origins date back to 1939, and the recipe remains largely unchanged, offering a taste of Gyeongju’s culinary heritage.


Gyeongju is also known for its delicious Ssambap, a Korean dish consisting of rice, meat, and assorted vegetables that you wrap in leafy greens. It’s a healthful, tasty way to refuel during your travels.

Tips for Travelers

  1. Best Time to Visit: Spring (April-May) and Fall (September-October) are the best times to visit Gyeongju, when the weather is mild, and the natural scenery is at its peak.
  2. Getting There: The city is well-connected by bus and train services from Seoul and other major cities. Alternatively, you can take a KTX (Korea’s high-speed train) to Singyeongju station and then a short bus or taxi ride into Gyeongju.
  3. Local Tours: To get the most out of your visit, consider taking a guided tour. Many tours offer historical insights that you might miss exploring on your own.


Gyeongju offers a fascinating blend of history, nature, and culture, making it a must-see destination in South Korea. Whether you’re trekking up Namsan Mountain, exploring ancient temples, or indulging in local cuisine, Gyeongju promises a travel experience that you’ll cherish for years to come. With its rich heritage and modern-day charms, this ancient capital serves as a captivating time capsule that every visitor to South Korea should explore.

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